As an energy-intensive branch of industry, the clay brick and tile industry is constantly endeavouring to lower the energy consumption of existing equipment and searching for alternative firing concepts for the long term. A first and important step towards this is always the necessary calculations and preliminary testing.
2 Explanation of the problem
Tunnel kilns consist of series-connected countercurrent heat exchangers and, on account of the heat recovery achieved with this arrangement, they generally only require a low energy input. One disadvantage, however, is that only one of...